It is more fun to talk with someone who doesn’t use long, difficult words but rather short, easy words like “What about lunch?” ~ Winnie the Pooh
One of my favorite books when I was in high school wasn’t a novel or a biography or even a narrative of any kind: It was a well-thumbed red paperback of Roget’s Thesaurus.
In hindsight, I used a thesaurus in exactly the way I now tell my students not to use it: I looked for fancy words to replace plain ones. I searched for words that were more capacious, commodious, humongous, substantial, super colossal, tremendous, walloping. In short, longer. The problem is that longer words are often not the words that best convey our meaning, as William Strunk and E.B. White knew so well:
14. Avoid fancy words.
Avoid the elaborate, the pretentious, the coy, and the cute. Do not be tempted by a twenty-dollar word when there is a ten-center handy, ready and able. Anglo-Saxon is a livelier tongue than Latin, so use Anglo -Saxon words. In this, as in so many matters pertaining to style, one’s ear must be one’s guide: gut is a lustier noun than intestine, but the two words are not interchangeable, because gut is often inappropriate, being too coarse for the context. Never call a stomach a tummy without good reason.
If you admire fancy words, if every sky is beauteous, every blonde curvaceous, every intelligent child prodigious, if you are tickled by discombobulate, you will have a bad time with Reminder 14. What is wrong, you ask, with beauteous? No one knows, for sure. There is nothing wrong, really, with any word all are good, but some are better than others. A matter of ear, a matter of reading the books that sharpen the ear. The Elements of Style
There was another, less pedantic reason I loved that thesaurus, though. I enjoyed scanning lists of words, learning new ones, seeing them play off one another and hearing them in my head.
While misuse of a thesaurus can produce graceless and insincere writing, wise use can lead to greater precision, variety, and depth.
Here are a few deliberate writing practice ideas for honing your “plain and fancy”word skills.
1. Use a thesaurus when the word you are using isn’t quite right. For example, if you are trying to describe how a character is worried or how you are worried about something, but worried seems too broad, a thesaurus can help you to hone your meaning to apprehensive, disturbed, fearful, on edge, tormented, or uneasy.
2. Look up the derivations of synonyms for a common word to see and hear the difference in tone between Anglo-Saxon and Latin roots (www.dictionary.reference.com allows you to switch easily between a dictionary and a thesaurus for this exercise). For example:
before 1000; Middle English: big, bold, comely, proper, ready, Old English getæl (plural getale ) quick, ready, competent; cognate with Old High German gizal quick
1490–1500; < Latin ēlevātus lightened, lifted up (past participle of ēlevāre )
3. Think of whether your characters would use plain or fancy words, and use a thesaurus to differentiate their speech so as to suggest their personalities.
4. Choose a passage by a favorite author to rewrite, using a thesaurus to change the tone. For example, replace the stricken words of the beginning of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone to experiment with tone and style:
THE BOY WHO
Mr. and Mrs. Dursley, of number four, Privet Drive, were
proudto say that they were perfectly normal, thank you very much. They were the lastpeople you’d expect to be involved in anything strangeor mysterious, because they just didn’t hold with such nonsense.
Mr. Dursley was the
directorof a firm called Grunnings, which madedrills. He was a big, beefy man with hardly any neck, although he did have a very largemustache. Mrs. Dursley was thinand blonde and had nearly twice the usual amount of neck, which came in very usefulas she spent so much of her time craningover garden fences, spyingon the neighbors. The Dursleys had a smallson called Dudley and in their opinion there was no finerboy anywhere.
5. Take a paragraph of your own and analyze it based on plain or fancy words, word derivations, and conscious use of precision for each and every word choice.
Do you use a thesaurus and, if so, how?